What is the Sunnah & Hadith?

Along with spreading the message of the Quran, the Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) mission was also to teach his followers the practical requirements of Islam and how to implement the Quran in their lives. The Sunnah – the comprehensive teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) – is considered the second source of guidance and legislation in Islam. It is made up of Hadiths – narrations – of the Prophet’s statements, actions, approvals, and disapproval’s. The Arabic word Hadeeth basically means ‘an item of news, conversation, a tale, a story or a report,’ whether historical or legendary, true or false, relating to the present or the past. Its secondary meaning as an adjective is ‘new’ as opposed to qadeem, ‘old’. However, like other Arabic words (e.g. salaah, zakaah), its meaning changed in Islam. From the time of the Prophet (pbuh), his stories and communications dominated all other forms of communication. Consequently, the term Hadeeth began to be used almost exclusively for reports that spoke of his actions and sayings.

Hadeeth and Sunnah

The term Hadeeth has become a synonym for the term Sunnah, though there is some difference in their meanings. Sunnah, according to Arabic lexicographers, means ‘a way; course; rule; manner of acting or conduct of life’. Sunnah, as a technical term in the Science of Hadeeth, refers to whatever statements, acts, approvals, physical or character descriptions that are attributable to the Prophet (pbuh) along with his biography before or after the beginning of his prophet hood. It is thus synonymous with the term Hadeeth. However, according to Usool al-Fiqh science (legal methodology), Sunnah refers to only the statements, acts and approvals of the Prophet (PBUH). It also refers to whatever is supported by evidence from the sharee‘ah (Islamic laws); the opposite of bid‘ah (innovation). And in the Legalistic science of Fiqh the term Sunnah refers to recommended acts.

The Examples of different types of Sunnah as per Science of Hadith could be seen below,
Example of ‘Statement
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (saww) said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions,God is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. God will not accept his fasting.)”

Volume 3, Book 31, Number 127 (1903) (Bukhari)

Example for ‘Acts
Malik b. Huwairith reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) raised his hands apposite his ears at the time of reciting the takbir (i. e. at the time of beginning the prayer) and then again raised his hands apposite the ears at the time of bowing and when he lifted his head after bowing he said: Allah listened to him who praised Him, and did like it (raised his hands up to the ears).  (Muslim 4:762)
Example of ‘Approval’
Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: I used to sell camels at al-Baqi for dinars and take dirhams for them, and sell for dirhams and take dinars for them. I would take these for these and give these for these. I went to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) who was in the house of Hafsah. I said: Apostle of Allah , take it easy, I shall ask you (a question): I sell camels at al-Baqi’. I sell (them) for dinars and take dirhams and I sell for dirhams and take dinars. I take these for these, and give these for these. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then said: There is no harm in taking them at the current rate so long as you do not separate leaving something to be settled. (22:3348) Suna Abu Dawud [Thus Prophet(PBUH) allowed money exchange with condition]
Example of character ‘Description
Anas b. Malik reported: I served the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) for ten years, and, by Allah, he never said to me any harsh word, and he never said to me about a thing as to why I had done that and as to why I had not done that. (Muslim 30:5720)

The Qur’an is the directly revealed word of God (Allah) and the Sunnah gives the practical implications of Qur’an. The Sunnah shows how the commandments and teachings mentioned in Qur’an can be put to practice. Sunnah wipes of all the arguments regarding the practicability of Qur’an’s teachings. It leaves no room for something like, ‘It was easy for God to reveal but difficult for people to practice’. As also mentioned in Qur’an 17:94-95 :-
And what has kept people from believing when guidance has come to them, except that they said: “Has God sent a mortal man as the Messenger?” Say: “If angels had been walking about on earth as their abode, We would surely have sent down upon them an angel from heaven as Messenger.”

Thus by sending a human as messenger for humans God (Allah) left no argument what so ever, and Allah knows the best. Thus the Messenger (pbuh)’s life itself acted as a revelation and whatever he did, said or allowed is also from Allah as explained further in this article and mentioned by Allah in (Qur’an 53:3-4) 

Introduction to Quran

The Quran is the sacred book of Islam and serves as one of the two primary sources of Islamic teachings and law. Muslims believe the Quran to be the direct and infallible words of God, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through the Angel Gabriel fourteen-hundred years ago. The purpose of the Quran is to serve as a source of guidance and admonishment to all of humanity. It contains in it signs, miracles, parables, and lessons, in addition to its eloquence and beautiful style. The primary call of the Quran is belief in God, describing His Names and Attributes and His rights over us as His dependent creatures. It calls us to examine and ponder over the signs of God in the universe and over God’s innumerable bounties towards us so that we give due thanks and appreciation.
It relates the signs of the Last Day, the events of the Day of Judgement, and the description of Paradise and Hell. It confirms the Books which came before it: the Torah and Gospel. It narrates the lives of the Prophets and Messengers and the stories of the earlier generations. It provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system benefiting the poor and misfortunate. It encourages everything righteous and discourages everything evil and immoral. It teaches the basics of good manners, noble morals, and how to deal with others in the best way. It gives glad tidings to those who believe and do good in this life with ever-lasting reward in the next life, and warns those who arrogantly disbelief and commit oppression and evil in this life with punishment and humiliation in the next life. The Quran describes itself in the following verse:

“This [Quran] is a Message for humanity, in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they
may know that He is but one God, and that those of understanding may take heed.” 
(Qur’ an 14:52)

The Quran is regarded by Muslims and Arabs in general as the pinnacle of literary excellence and the most eloquent Arabic prose in existence. The miracle of the Quran lies in the fact that it is a literary genre unique unto itself. The Quran testifies to its inimitability in the following verse:

“Say: “If mankind and the jinn (i.e. genies/spirits) were together to produce the like of this Quran,
they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.”
 (Qur’an 17:88)

Every Prophet and Messenger was granted miracles by God as a clear sign of his Prophet hood. Moses’ (peace be upon him) miracles included the staff, the shining hand, the splitting of the Red Sea, and others. Jesus’ (peace be upon him) miracles included healing the leper, curing the sick, raising the dead, and others. The impact of written words, however, is much less than the impact of sight. While we may believe in the occurrence of these miracles (as the Quran and the Biblical scriptures testify to their occurrence), the impact of these miracles on us who merely read about them is significantly weaker in comparison to those who witnessed these miracles firsthand. The beauty and power of the Quran is that it removes the constraints of time and place upon the miracle – the Quran is a permanent miracle for all generations after the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to see and appreciate, no matter where they live, or what time frame they are born in.

The Holy Qur’an is living Miracle

The Holy Qur’an generally give the basic principles, without going into the minute details of the issue. This procedure is followed even the describing the important injunctions such as daily five time prayers (salah) which is an important pillar of Islamic faith. To establishment of daily Prayers has been ordered in the Qur’an at seventy three places. Yet the Holy Qur’an does not furnish many details about how daily prayers is offered., how many Rak’at (units) how many prostrations, what to recite etc. The Qur’an itself has not detailed these factors but left it for the Holy Prophet Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam who taught his companions these details both by his words and practices. This important source of knowledge is know as Hadith (saying, action and confirmation) of the Prophet Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam.
The Prophet Muhammad Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:

» The best among you is he who learns the Qur’an and or teaches it.
» Going to a Masjid and reciting or teaching two ayaat (verse) is more precious than two she-camels, three ayaat are more precious than three she-camels………….
» When anyone recites the Qur’an, they gets ten virtues written down for him against each letter….
» One who is well versed in the Qur’an will be in the company of those angles who are scribes, noble and righteous , and one who falters in reading the Qur’an, and has to exert hard to learning, earns double the reward.
» Indeed Allah desires that the Qur’an be recited in the manner it was revealed.

Upcoming Articles:-

  •  Subject Of Quran.
  •  Preservation of the Quran.
  •  Beginning of the Revelation.
  •  Division of Quran.
  •  Makkah and Madinah Division
  •  Asbab al-nuzul (reasons of the revelations).
  •  The Order of Surahs and its Compilation.

What is Islam & Who are the Muslims?

 Islam is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). The word ‘Islam’ is Arabic and literally means ‘surrender’ or ‘submission.’ As a faith, it means “Total and sincere submission to the One Almighty God (Allah)”. A ‘Muslim’ is therefore one who has voluntarily submitted his or her will to God. Islam is not named after a tribe of people or an individual as is the case with other religions; rather it is a global faith and a universal call, preached not by just one individual but by all of the Prophets and Messengers of God throughout the history of humanity, starting with Adam (peace be upon him). The teachings of Islam dictate a complete way of life, and its core message is found in the two testimonies of faith: 

 │ Laa ilaha illallah; Muhammadur rasulullah │
– “There is no god worthy of worship except Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”

A person who willingly makes this testimony and truly believes in the meaning of these words becomes a Muslim

Five Pillars of Islam

There are Five Pillars of Islam based on the sayings of Prophet Muhammad(pbuh) i.e It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah son of ‘Umar, that the Holy Prophet (may peace of Allah be upon him) said: (The superstructure of) al-Islam is raised on five (pillars), i. e. Allah (alone) should be worshipped, and (all other gods) beside Him should be (categorically) denied. Establishment of prayer, the payment of Zakat, Pilgrimage to the House, and the fast of Ramadan (are the other obligatory acts besides the belief in the oneness of Allah and denial of all other gods).

1) Testimony of Faith –  This is to openly declare: Laa ilaha illallah; Muhammadur rasulullah – “There is no god worthy of worship except Allah (God), and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.” In order for a person to become a Muslim, a person must recite this testimony willingly and sincerely.

2) Regular Daily Prayers – Muslims observe 5 required prayers that are spread throughout the day during the following times: Dawn, Noon, Afternoon, Sunset, and Night.

3) Fasting in Ramadan – Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic (lunar) Calendar. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims observe fasting beginning at dawn and ending when the sun sets. During the fasting period, Muslims do not drink or eat anything and refrain from sexual relations with their spouses.

4) Annual Charity (Zakat) – Each year Muslims are required to give 2.5% of their savings to the needy.

5) Pilgrimage to Makkah – Muslims who are physically, mentally, and financially able are obligated to journey to Makkah and perform the Hajj (pilgrimage) and all of its rituals. The pilgrimage to Makkah is one of the most rewarding and spiritually fulfilling experiences a Muslim can ever embark on. It compels the pilgrims to break down the racial, economical, and social barriers that may still plague their society, and invites each pilgrim to practice patience, self-restraint, and piety.