‘Allah’ is the proper name for the One True God in Arabic and is the greatest and most inclusive name for God. The name has no plural or gender and refers to the God of Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad and the rest of the Prophets and Messengers of God (peace be upon them). The 112th chapter of the Quran describes Allah in the following words:
Say, “He is Allah, (the) One. The Self Sufficient Master. He begets not, nor was He begotten; And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” (Qur’an 112:1-4)
Everything in Islam is based upon belief in the Oneness of God and getting closer to Him (through righteous deeds). Islam’s creed is founded upon strict and absolute monotheism termed as Tawheed in Arabic.
Tawheed consists of three aspects:
1) Oneness of Allah in His Lordship – This is to believe that Allah (God) is the one and only Supreme Lord of the Universe, and that He alone is its Creator, Planner, Sustainer, Decreer, Bestower, and Master.
2) Devotion of all Worship to Allah alone – God created humans with an innate, natural inclination towards belief in Him as their Creator. And although the vast majority of humanity believes in God, they still worship other beings besides Him considering them as either gods of a lower level than God or as intercessors between them and God. The purpose behind Islam is to call people away from the worship of creation and to direct them towards the worship of The Creator alone. God is not in need of intermediaries or intercessors, and He is far above begetting sons or daughters. He is completely independent of all things, while all of creation is absolutely dependent upon Him. Thus in Islam, a true believer in God is one who dictates all acts of worship, absolute devotion, and unconditional obedience to Him alone. A Muslim has a direct and personal relationship with God, striving throughout his/her life to earn God’s pleasure and reward, putting his/her trust in Him alone, and supplicating and calling upon Him alone when in need.
3) Oneness of Allah in His Names & Attributes – God is described with the most Beautiful Names and Perfect Attributes. He is unique in every way, not limited in any way, and is far removed from any deficiencies. Some of His Names and Attributes are related in the following verses:
“He is Allah, whom there is none worthy of worship except He, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. He is Allah, whom there is none worthy of worship except He, the King, the Holy, the One Free from all imperfections, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Exalted is He above all that they associate [in worship] with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” (Quran 59:22-24)