is the sacred book of Islam
and serves as one of the two primary sources of Islamic teachings and law. Muslims believe the Quran to be the direct and infallible words of God, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad
(peace be upon him
) through the Angel Gabriel fourteen-hundred years ago
. The purpose of the Quran is to serve as a source of guidance and admonishment to all of humanity. It contains in it signs, miracles, parables, and lessons, in addition to its eloquence and beautiful style. The primary call of the Quran is belief in God, describing His Names and Attributes and His rights over us as His dependent creatures. It calls us to examine and ponder over the signs of God in the universe and over God’s innumerable bounties towards us so that we give due thanks and appreciation.
It relates the signs of the Last Day, the events of the Day of Judgement, and the description of Paradise and Hell. It confirms the Books which came before it: the Torah
. It narrates the lives of the Prophets
and the stories of the earlier generations. It provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system benefiting the poor and misfortunate. It encourages everything righteous and discourages everything evil and immoral. It teaches the basics of good manners, noble morals, and how to deal with others in the best way. It gives glad tidings to those who believe and do good in this life with ever-lasting reward in the next life, and warns those who arrogantly disbelief and commit oppression and evil in this life with punishment and humiliation in the next life. The Quran describes itself in the following verse:
“This [Quran] is a Message for humanity, in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they
may know that He is but one God, and that those of understanding may take heed.”
(Qur’ an 14:52)
The Quran is regarded by Muslims
and Arabs in general as the pinnacle of literary excellence and the most eloquent Arabic prose in existence. The miracle of the Quran lies in the fact that it is a literary genre unique unto itself. The Quran testifies to its inimitability in the following verse:
“Say: “If mankind and the jinn (i.e. genies/spirits) were together to produce the like of this Quran,
they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.”
Every Prophet and Messenger was granted miracles by God as a clear sign of his Prophet hood. Moses’ (peace be upon him) miracles included the staff, the shining hand, the splitting of the Red Sea, and others. Jesus’ (peace be upon him) miracles included healing the leper, curing the sick, raising the dead, and others. The impact of written words, however, is much less than the impact of sight. While we may believe in the occurrence of these miracles (as the Quran and the Biblical scriptures testify to their occurrence), the impact of these miracles on us who merely read about them is significantly weaker in comparison to those who witnessed these miracles firsthand. The beauty and power of the Quran is that it removes the constraints of time and place upon the miracle – the Quran is a permanent miracle for all generations after the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to see and appreciate, no matter where they live, or what time frame they are born in.
The Holy Quran is living Miracle
The Holy Qur’an generally give the basic principles, without going into the minute details of the issue. This procedure is followed even the describing the important injunctions such as daily five time prayers (salah) which is an important pillar of Islamic faith. To establishment of daily Prayers has been ordered in the Quran at seventy three places. Yet the Holy Quran does not furnish many details about how daily prayers is offered., how many Rakat (units) how many prostrations, what to recite etc. The Quran itself has not detailed these factors but left it for the Holy Prophet Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam
who taught his companions these details both by his words and practices. This important source of knowledge is know as Hadith (saying, action and confirmation) of the Prophet Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam.
The Prophet Muhammad Salla-Allahu alayhi wa sallam said:
» The best among you is he who learns the Quran and or teaches it.
» Going to a Masjid and reciting or teaching two ayaat (verse) is more precious than two she-camels, three ayaat are more precious than three she-camels
» When anyone recites the Quran, they gets ten virtues written down for him against each letter
» One who is well versed in the Quran will be in the company of those angles who are scribes, noble and righteous , and one who falters in reading the Quran, and has to exert hard to learning, earns double the reward.
» Indeed Allah desires that the Quran be recited in the manner it was revealed.
- Subject Of Quran.
- Preservation of the Quran.
- Beginning of the Revelation.
- Division of Quran.
- Makkah and Madinah Division
- Asbab al-nuzul (reasons of the revelations).
- The Order of Surahs and its Compilation.