In the 21st Century we find numerous religions especially in India like Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and more.Further there are also a variety of religions like Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Confucianism, Taoism and more. Apart from this there are many minor religions also. So in order to categorize these Religions of the world they can be broadly categorized into Semetic Religions and non-Semitic religions. Non-Semetic religions can be divided into Aryan religions and Non-Aryan religions. Further Aryan religion are sub-divided into Vedic and Non-Vedic religions and Non- Aryan religions have diverse origins.
Muhammad (peace be upon him) was born in the year 571 C.E. His father passed away before he was born and his mother passed away when he was six years old, leaving him an orphan in the care of his grandfather, Abdul Mutallib, and then his uncle, Abu Talib, after his grandfather passed away. Before Muhammad (peace be upon him) became a Prophet, he was known among his people as Al-Ameen (The Trustworthy), due to his truthful words, great honesty, and kind manners. His reputation caught the attention of Khadeejah, a business-woman of great honour and fortune among the Arabs, and she decided to employ him to do business for her as a merchant for a certain percentage of the profits.
She became so impressed by his character she decided to propose to him in marriage to which Muhammad (peace be upon him) accepted. She was 40 years old and he was 25 years old at the time of the marriage. When Muhammad (peace be upon him) was nearly 40 years old, he began to retreat to a cave a couple miles from Makkah (where he resided). In the cave he would pass long hours in meditation and thought. Over the years, his heart became restless about the moral evils and idolatry that was rampant among his people. His retreats provided privacy and detachment from the impurities of life, better preparing him for the event to come that would change not only his life but the course of history.
Following the revelation of these verses, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) began his mission as a Messenger of God, a mission that would last 23 years until his death in 632 C.E. For the Prophet and those who accepted his message, they would have to patiently endure persecution, rejection, economic embargo’s and consequent poverty and hunger, even torture and death. But by the facilitation of God and the unshakeable faith of those who believed in his message, Islam would prove to flourish. Within a 100 years following the death of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), through the expansion of the Islamic State, the message of Islam would spread as far East as China and as far West as Spain. Today, Islam is the world’s second largest religion with over 1 billion adherents and is statistically the fastest growing religion.
Tawheed consists of three aspects:
The Arabic term da‘wah is derived from the verb “da‘aa” which means “to call; to invite; and to supplicate, i.e. to call on God”. It is used to refer to the act of conveying or calling people to the message of Islaam. In that context it is a contraction of the phase ad-da‘ wah ilallaah (calling to Allah) as it is described in the verse of Holy Qur’an:
Da‘wah was the basic mission of the prophets of God. They were raised up among their respective people to call them to the worship of Allah alone and to abandon the worship of the various false gods that they had invented.
Consequently, Allah praises those who engage in this noble endeavor as being the best in speech.
Is it necessary to follow Hadith as we follow Quran as because many groups are in Muslim Ummah which are called as Modern-Day Aqlaniyyah (Rationalists), the Modernists, Munkareen Al Hadeeth(the Hadith Rejectors) and the Secularists. It is necessary for us to understand the importance of Quran so let us explain what is the importances of Hadith:
It relates the signs of the Last Day, the events of the Day of Judgement, and the description of Paradise and Hell. It confirms the Books which came before it: the Torah and Gospel. It narrates the lives of the Prophets and Messengers and the stories of the earlier generations. It provides guidelines and detailed teachings for a just society, proper human conduct, and an equitable economic system benefiting the poor and misfortunate. It encourages everything righteous and discourages everything evil and immoral. It teaches the basics of good manners, noble morals, and how to deal with others in the best way. It gives glad tidings to those who believe and do good in this life with ever-lasting reward in the next life, and warns those who arrogantly disbelief and commit oppression and evil in this life with punishment and humiliation in the next life. The Quran describes itself in the following verse:
» The best among you is he who learns the Quran and or teaches it.
» Going to a Masjid and reciting or teaching two ayaat (verse) is more precious than two she-camels, three ayaat are more precious than three she-camels .
» When anyone recites the Quran, they gets ten virtues written down for him against each letter .
» One who is well versed in the Quran will be in the company of those angles who are scribes, noble and righteous , and one who falters in reading the Quran, and has to exert hard to learning, earns double the reward.
» Indeed Allah desires that the Quran be recited in the manner it was revealed.
- Subject Of Quran.
- Preservation of the Quran.
- Beginning of the Revelation.
- Division of Quran.
- Makkah and Madinah Division
- Asbab al-nuzul (reasons of the revelations).
- The Order of Surahs and its Compilation.